So I posed a question to all of you Herpers this morning, asking what kinds of questions YOU had about reptiles and such. After scanning thru the many responses I noticed a lot of you asked several questions in regards to breeding. So I decided to base today’s blog around lizard breeding since snake breeding has SO many points and aspects to cover, it’s much easier to leave that to individual training. Luckily, lizards are in such popular demand that this blog entry should help lots of you guys learn to breed and start your own lizard community at home. =)
First of all, you should know that if the lizards are comfortable enough in their surroundings to breed, it shows that the artificial environment provided is adequate. But in order for this to happen, you have to take care of as many variables as possible. So step one, the artificial environment needs to be large enough, have separate hides for each lizard and offer the same humidity as the natural habitat of your lizard, so make sure you study up on the natural environment of your pet and simplify the caging to something they are accustomed to. Secondly, in the wild, male lizards naturally stake out their home territory and defend it from other males. When the home territory is as small as a 30-gallon terrarium, having just one male per cage becomes even more vital. However, most lizards do well when kept in trios of one male and two females. Pssh, of course it works smoothly with multiple females than males! =P
Day and Night cycles should equate with the breeding cycle in the lizard's area of origin. If your pet is wild, they require at least one year of adjustment to a change in light cycles and the confines of captivity. So what happens if you have a pair of lizards, you've done everything right – but so far there's STILL no breeding? There are a few things you can do, first try separating the lizards. Many breeders prefer to keep the sexes separate until breeding is desired. Then the lizards are placed together for a week or so or until breeding takes place then separated again. This helps keep the stress levels to a minimum and encourage the desire to breed. Another helpful trick is to add a second male to the cage in hopes the males will create breeding displays between themselves, which tends to arouse breeding interest in the female. Us gals are always impressed by showy displays of affection and desire =P. You may need to also provide a period of dormancy/hibernation for lizards that hibernate, if you're unsure of what your lizards require in dormancy length, begin with three weeks to avoid putting too much stress on them. At the end of the dormancy cycle, restore lighting and temperature levels and offer food and after the lizards have regained their activity levels, put the lizards together.
Once your lizards have bred, for the egg-laying species, provide an egg deposition site. For live-bearing lizard, provide a secluded area where the female can give birth to her young without fear of attack by another lizard. Females may become very aggressive toward other lizards in the cage during and after child birth. Make sure you have a suitable supply of tiny insects (i.e. flightless fruit flies, cricket hatchlings) accessible when the young are born or surface from their eggs.
Now you all should be expert lizard breeders =P! When you adapt all these requirements in your pet’s enclosure, you should have great luck and success with the finalized breeding. For any more questions, feel free to call us here at the shop, we will be happy to help you!